Techne and Listening:


The Revolution of Avant-Garde Music After the Second World War.

After the Second World War, reflection on listening becomes the focal point of the second historical avant-garde movement. As Roland Barthes would say, musical language reaches a real “writing degree zero.” Thus, from the hyperdeterminacy of integral serialism to the indeterminacy of aleatoric music, artistic language will gain a significant opening such that the listener will be faced with a certain perceptual displacement. Composers have put forth their own reflections on listening from these radical approaches: from Ligeti to Nono, from Feldman to Grisey, or from Lachenmann to Sciarrino, an infinite world of possibilities in which the receiver is obligated to rethink their own references.


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